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Transnistria’s Dependence on Russia as the Main Obstacle for Moldova´s Territorial Integrity
|1.||Why Transnistria matters?||4|
|2.||Russia´s levers of influence in Transnistria||8|
|3.||Main challenges for Transnistria's reintegration with Moldova||14|
|Conclusions and recommendations||17|
Conclusions and recommendations
Moldovan- Transnistrian conflict occurred on the territory of Post Soviet states in 1992. Since then, Transnistria has developed into a de-facto state without international recognition. Despite of the conducted cease-fire and efforts of international community and main actors, this political-ethnic conflict has remained unresolved.
The unrecognised separatist entity is a main obstacle for Moldova´s territorial integrity and decelerates Moldova´s integration towards EU. Not less important, Russia has been the de facto guarantor of Transnistria’s autonomy, through the presence of Russian troops, economic engagement and social sphere support to secure their own interests. Given conflict, already existed for two decades in sphere of strong influence of Russia, has been the great challenge for the de facto country, as well as to the mother country.
Recent developments on political scene have shown that there is some evidence that the window of opportunity is now available for resolving the Moldovan - Transnistrian conflict. In author´s opinion of this essay - it is nessecary to conduct the internal as well as external actors in the conflict resolution process. Recommendations have been made in consideration of political-military aspects, as well as economic and social aspects, that is refleceted througout of this paper. Following proposals are important to take into consideration by all counterparties to resolve the question of Transnistria’s status in the context of Moldova’s territorial integrity:
1. To improve overall situation: create a structure and detailed strategy for reunification of Moldova and Transnistria; recognize security concerns; compose transparent laws and regulations; keep Transnistrian conflict in negotiations; persuade Russia to hold peacekeeping operation under OSCE mandate; increase human rights issues;
2. To create foundation for democracy: increase transparency of policies and acts towards Transnistria; dividing of power in hierarchy system, participation in elections and creating parlament seats for Transnistrian population; remove Russian troops, munition and military equipment from territory of Transnistria.
3. To develop economic aspects: creation of neutral, international resource center– in consideration of enhanced trade regulations, economic market agreements and increased fundings; trade and financial flows monitorings; also, lower the benefits of Transnistrian business and authorities. …
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