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"The Immortality of the Soul" by Phaedo
Lastly, Socrates asks what the name is of "what doesn't admit the form of the even?" Cebes responds "Un-even". Next, he asks what is it "that which doesn't admit the just" and "whatever doesn't admit the musical," and receives "un-just" and "un-musical" as answers. Then the question at issue: "what do we call whatever doesn't admit death?" Cebes replies immortal. Socrates has thus made his first point; the soul is immortal. However, he still has yet to show that it is imperishable, which he does quickly, based on what he has established.
The final argument presented by Socrates, makes the most sense to me. It is well thought out and very organized. His examples are so clear and slowly build the reader up to the final conclusion, which is that the soul is immortal, simply because it participates in the Form of Life. The first three arguments were rather short and left to be pondered, making them not so convincing.
Although Socrates has some very good points in his philosophy, I do not believe that the goal in our life should be to attain knowledge, but rather happiness. Total knowledge does not lead to happiness and will not be a fulfilled life in my definition. I also feel that our senses enhance our ability to learn. If we were placed on this earth to prepare for death, why would we be given life in the first place? We should enjoy our lives and take care of our bodies; spending all our time trying to separate your body from your soul, is in my opinion, no way to live.
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