Social Policy Initiatives in Response to Combating Social Exclusion
If the government's belief is that the state has a responsibility to guarantee inclusion, it also holds the belief that those who are excluded have a duty to make sure of opportunities that are provided. This phrasing of duty and responsibility is the hallmark of the new construction of social policy that is being developed. Instead of having talk of rights of citizens and rights of the poor, it is replaced by one of responsibility (Novak, 2000).
The acceptance of social exclusion as a foundation for social policy has been implemented on a notably confined definition of the term. Although academic studies may examine various ways in which the poor are excluded, for government policy social exclusion has proposed to imply one thing; exclusion from the paid market. It is lack of employment that is perceived as the fundamental problem, and the fundamental ambition in government policy has been to try and influence the excluded off welfare and into work. What type of work they go into, and whether they will be initially worse or in a better position as an outcome, is a less burning matter (Novak, 2000).
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