How successful was the attempt by OPEC to use oil as a political weapon?
The Organisation of (Arab) Oil Exporting Countries (OPEC)'s move to raise oil prices and to limit output and distribution to the Western world came at a time when there was a rapid growth of demand for oil in the United States due in part to Nixon's anti-inflation policies, and other factors such as new environmental restrictions on coal burning. The US had lowered its import barriers and became more dependent on the world market, mainly the Middle East, than ever before. In 1973, panic buying of oil was already raising the prices. However, the share of revenues for the oil exporters had b…
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