Why were the Bolsheviks successful in Russia, October 1917?
The old Russian society was a brutal capitalist society, headed by a king called the Tsar. The country was controlled by wealthy capitalists allied with big landowners, who supported the Tsar and exploited the peasants and workers. Poverty, brutal exploitation in the factories, hunger and constant war created a strong revolutionary mood among the working class. The Provisional Government was opposed by the soviets, or councils of workers and peasants, who wanted the right to make their own decisions. A revolution was led by the Bolshevik Party, a revolutionary communist party headed by L…
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