There are many reasons why enzymes have such a high specificity. The first variable is an enzyme's primary structure. A primary structure is just a combination of amino acids. There are twenty different amino acids that the primary structure can be created from. Every enzyme has a different order that the acids are placed in and each one has a different number or amino acids. The slightest change in this structure can affect a protein's conformation and function.
The secondary structure is a regular, repeated, coiling and folding of a protein's polypeptide backbone. …
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