Public Health Paper
The infection of the Zika virus has changed over the past few years, thus spreading more extensively into the other geographical regions, which had led to epidemics in some of them. It has transformed from an infection causd by mosquito bites and mild illness across Africa and Asia to an infection that has been causing large outbreaks from 2007 onwards. Since the year 2013, the outbreaks of the disease have been connected with such neurological disorders as microcephaly and Guillain-Barre syndrome, which were reported to be found in the American and Pacific region. The transmission of the virus in the future may likely result from the spreading of the Aedes mosquito vectors despite the fact that there may be rare instances of transmission from one person to another. Apart from infections through mosquito bites, the infection has been and may continue to be as a result of international migration. Therefore, there should be appropriate preventive measures taken both by states and by individuals in order to ensure that the infections are at a minimum.
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