Motivation in Education
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|Motivation in education||3|
|Intrinsic and extrinsic motivation||3|
|Motivating young children||5|
|Student motivation in classroom||6|
In this essay I reviewed intrinsic and extrinsic motivation, where extrinsic motivation oriented pupils are very grade motivated, but intrinsic motivated pupils are learning with pleasure, rather working on just to get external reward like grades, money or avoid punishment. In this essay I found out, that the most effective motivation of these both are intrinsic motivation. The bad side about this motivation is that it’s hard for educators to teach it, because it is internal and depends from pupil perception that for every person is different.
In teaching process some educators use negative reinforcement like punishments and threats. By such teaching style, pupil can undermine education outcomes, because he or she can start to avoid from embarrassing situations. Those children who avoid from embarrassing situations and avoid from failure in learning process are extrinsically motivated, while intrinsically motivated children will view a failed task as a challenge.
By making this essay I also reviewed some of motivation theories like incentive motivation theory, escape-seeking dichotomy mode, drive-reduction theory, cognitive dissonance theory, need hierarchy theory, Herzberg’s two factor theory, Alderfer’s ERG theory, self-determination theory, broad motivation theory, cognitive theory, which includes goal settings and other theories.
I also get to know more about how to motivate pupils and I found several ways how to motivate students. Some of the ways are as follows:
Educator can give more control to pupils, that they work more independently! By doing this, pupils will make his/her own choices and they will become more autonomic spersons. Pupils will be able to choose their own ways in learning process and make more complex tasks. Another advise is to practice the assertive discipline (positive discipline) techniques. Educator also can introduce class with the concept of class rules and by doing this teacher will set borders of consequences in some situations when class could be undisciplined. Educator can also make classroom meetings! Do humor in the classroom, because humor can be niece change while pupils do passive wotk and it also relieves from stress. Educator can make appointments with class in library! Such appointments in library could improve student motivation to read books and understand the importance of reading books.
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