Canada is magnificent land. The second largest country in the world after the Russia, it has an area of nearly 10,000,000 square kilometers. Within its borders lies a diversity of life, landscape and climate that few countries can rival.
Bordered on three sides by oceans- the Pacific, Atlantic and Arctic- Canada possesses a variety of terrain, from rainforest on the west coast to near desert conditions in the southern prairies. Its mountains range from the rugged peaks of the Western Cordillera with their lush valleys and highland plateaus, to the older, more round peaks of the Laurentians. Great plains stretch through three provinces and there are rolling central lowlands, vast forests and the treeless tundra of the north.
Canada is a northern country, but its climate varies dramatically. Winters can be long and cold, summers often scorching. Ocean currents to east and west moderate these extremes; the southwest coast of British Columbia is labeled Canada’s “banana belt” for its year-round temperature climate.
From the land comes a variety of riches. Forests- from the giants of the British Columbia coast to the extensive pine and fir forests that blanket the north-are the basis of thriving pulp and paper and lumber industries. The prairie provinces provide wheat and vegetables is reaped from fertile farming districts across the country.
Under the earth’s surface is a storehouse of petroleum, natural gas and minerals, its riches still uncounted. Canada is one of the world’s leading producers of nickel and zinc, as well as silver, asbestos, uranium, molybdenum, potash and platinum.
Canada’s water resources and remarkable. Its lakes account or one-halt of the world’s fresh water, and oceans, lakes and rivers abound with a variety of life. Highways of exploration for early settlement, complex river systems today transport the provide hydroelectric power for domestic use and export. …
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