Int’l Committee of Red Cross
Private humanitarian organization
H. Dunant “Memory of Solferino”
Located in Geneva, Switzerland
States parties (signatories) to the four Geneva Conventions of 1949 and their Additional Protocols of 1977 and 2005, have given the ICRC a mandate to protect the victims of international and internal armed conflicts. Such victims include war wounded, prisoners, refugees, civilians, and other non-combatants
Won 3 Nobel prizes in 1917, 1944, and 1963
began with one man’s outrage and
Courage. After learning of two
Portuguese students imprisoned for raising
a toast to freedom in 1961,
British lawyer Peter Benenson published
an article, “The Forgotten Prisoners”
in the Observer newspaper.
That article launched the “Appeal for Amnesty 1961”, a worldwide campaign that provoked a remarkable response. Reprinted in newspapers across the world, his call to action resonated with the values and aspirations of people everywhere. This was the genesis of Amnesty International.
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