Interests, Autonomy & Obligations
CRITERIA FOR FREEDOM:
• What if the agent has once choice in a particular context?
You need at least two choices to consider a choice free.
• An agent has many bad choices (torture a child vs. steal food from starving loved ones)
Arguably the existence of reasonable choice should be criteria for freedom.
• The fundamental question of freedom: who makes the choice?
To be considered free the agent should himself make the choice.
• Is someone disabled who cannot therefore run, free?
Un-removable limits are immaterial- freedom is a social principle, ought entails can.
• To have an obligation is to have a sufficient reason to act in itself (this is made possible for the ought entails can principle)
• Obligations are independent of personal inclinations & self-interest.
• However, there is a difference between sufficient reason vs. conclusive reason, one permitting action and one obliging it.
• Obligations are not simply removed by the obliged persons non-expressed (or acted upon) will prior to completion.
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