Exam Questions and Answers for Discourse Analysis
Then, the legitimising strategies are used, that tell that an individual has to think and do the same as others do, e.g., what he is, thousands and hundreds of thousands are saying and thinking.
Denial strategies are achieved with disclaimers that permit speakers to express racist ideas whilst avoiding charges blatant racism. E.g. it’s not racist to talk about immigration, etc.
On the macro-level in CDA discourse is perceived to be in a dialectical relationship with social structure in which discourse is both constituted by and constitutive of social structure.
Fairclough proposes three-tiered method of discourse analysis, which includes description of the language text, interpretation of the relationship between the (productive and interpretative) discursive processes and the text, and explanation of the relationship between the discursive processes and the social processes.
10. Political discourse.
‘politics is nothing but corruption’ (Plato) ‘all issues are political issues’ ‘and politics itself is a mass of lies, evasions, folly, hatred and schizophrenia’. (George Orwell, “Politics and the English Language”, 1946)
On the one hand, politics is viewed as a struggle for power, between those who seek to assert and maintain their power and those who seek to resist it. On the other hand, politics is viewed as cooperation, as the practices and institutions that a society has for resolving clashes of interest over money, influence, liberty and the like. (Paul Chilton)
political discourse - explores the ways in which we think and behave politically.; political alignment of individuāls: left, right, centre; left=socialist or radical groups; right=conservative and nationalist groups; centre; left/right wingers; left-of-centre; right-of-centre.
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