Borrowings in the English Language
I have chosen 10 languages of which 7 languages are spoken in Europe, 2 are spoken in Asia, and 1 is an extinct language. Only 4 out of 20 examples are words that have been borrowed indirectly. The other 16 examples show words that have been borrowed directly from the original language.
Some of the examples can be easily associated with their language of origin, but some words have been used in English for so long that, without any previous knowledge of the etymology, it has become very difficult to distinguish weather or not their language of origin is really English. The borrowed words usually have their suffix changed in English (for example, violino [IT] – violin [EN]), but there are some words that have the original suffix (slalom [NO] – slalom [EN]).
Upon finishing this assignment, I have come to the conclusion that names of country-specific foods, animals from the region, and geographical terms relating to the place of origin are the most common borrowings in English from other languages.
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