Why did the British settle in Australia?
Between 1788 and 1850 the English sent over 162,000 convicts to Australia in 806 ships. The first eleven of these ships are today known as the First Fleet and it carried convicts, marines, crewman, officials and children. Captain James Cook discovered the east coast of New Holland (Australia) in 1770 and named it New South Wales.
As more people were moving to the city, Britain got more crowded. More people were unemployed and went broke. So they started to commit more crimes, which overcrowded the goals and hulks. After the American Revolution, the English couldn't send more convicts ov…
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