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What Was the Social and Historical Context in Which the Juvenile Court Was Created?
What was the social and historical context in which the juvenile court was created? What has been the fundamental difference between the procedures used in juvenile courts and those employed in criminal (adult) courts?
Juvenile Court, authority charged with the disposition of legal actions involving children.
One hundred years ago, the Illinois legislature enacted the Illinois Juvenile Court Act (1899 Ill. Laws 132 et seq.), creating the first separate juvenile court. The policy debates raging around the country in this centennial year(1899), however, make it uncertain whether the traditional juvenile court will prevail. Early in the 19th century, juveniles were tried along with adults in criminal courts. In common law, children under age 7 were conclusively presumed immune from prosecution because they lacked moral responsibility (the infancy defense). Children between ages 7 and 14 were presumed not to be criminally responsible, and prosecutors had to prove that an individual juvenile was culpable. Youth age 14 and older were deemed as responsible for their criminal acts as adults.
- The Context of the Second Amendment
- The Historical Development Of The Juvenile Justice System
- What Was the Social and Historical Context in Which the Juvenile Court Was Created?
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