The First Persian Gulf War and the United Nations Involvement
The Persian Gulf War
The problems in Iraq began in 1979 when Saddam Hussein took control of Iraq. In 1991, Saddam Hussein started the Persian Gulf War by invading Kuwait. He accused Kuwait of stealing oil from the Rumain oil field. The crisis continued in August when Iraq, led by Hussein invaded Kuwait. A deadline was set for January 15, 1991 by the United Nations for all Iraqi forces to be out of Kuwait, but Saddam ignored the deadline. By January 1991, about 500,000 allied ground, air and naval forces form the United States, Saudi Arabia, Great Britain, Egypt, Syria and France were faced against 540,00 Iraqi army. Allied forces continued their air and land attack until Iraq started to retreat. On March 3, 1991, Iraqi representatives accepted Allied terms of a provisional truce and signed a permanent cease-fire on April 6, 1991 and agreed to pay for the damage to Kuwait.
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