The Case of Evolutionism vs. Creationism
In conclusion, Congress cannot establish a state religion or prefer certain religion (Free Exercise Clause) and Congress also cannot prohibit the free exercise of religion (Establishment Clause). The Establishment Clause of the First Amendment to the United States Constitution states that "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion." Evolutionism refers to theories that certain things develop or change as natural outgrowths of those that existed before, and the modern understanding of evolution is based on the theory of natural selection, which was popularized by Charles Darwin. Creationism is ultimately seen as the belief that humans, life, the Earth, and the universe have a miraculous origin in a Supreme Being or deity's supernatural intervention. Intelligent design is presented as an alternative to natural explanations for evolution. Epperson v. Arkansas was a United States Supreme Court case which nullified an Arkansas statute that banned the instruction of evolution in the public schools. Edwards v. Aguillard ruled that a Louisiana law requiring that creation science be taught in public schools whenever evolution was taught was unconstitutional, because the law was specifically intended to progress a particular religion.
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