The Brief Overview of Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, and Epicurus
1. Socrates Socratic method of teaching: 1) to convince the other of his ignorance; 2) to make a true search for the answer. But sophists believed that 1) virtue could be taught; 2) there is no common knowledge. Socrates' ethical principle: 1) virtue is knowledge/ wisdom. Virtue - excellence, good at doing smth.
Plato expands "virtue is knowledge" 1) with psychology; parts of the soul, separate from each other: a) reason - desire for knowledge (head); b) spirited part, emotions, love, envy, shame (heart); c) appetites - desire for food, drink, sex (stomach). …
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