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His founded psychoanalysis exists already for more than 100 years, which proves that his ideas seem so important for many people. The psychoanalysts themselves call the 20th century the Freud’s century. Like Copernicus changed the view about the Earth place in the Solar system, Freud changed human view about itself – the human action is less determined by not so conscious aims than by unconscious wishes. It was exactly Freud who more than others urged the researchers to turn to the influence of unconscious factors on the human behavior. Freud created methods for understanding of unconsciousness – dream interpretation, slip-of-the-tongue mistakes’ analysis, free associations, which opened up possibilities of deeper cognition of motivation of people actions. Freud’s ideas had a great influence on the Western culture in the 20th century. Writers, poets, dramaturges like Samuel Beckett, Andre Breton, James Joyce, Thomas Mann, painters: Salvador Dali, Pablo Picasso got Freud’s influence. Freud’s ideas stimulated such a new tendency of psychology like Jungian analytical psychology. Thanks to Freud’s heritage, modern psychologists have a great opportunity to enrich their studies with many significant ideas. (Westen, 1998) Psychoanalysis is interesting for a wider society not in theoretical sense, but in practical – what can it give for maintenance and improvement of mental health; like it was already mentioned, thanks to Freud, many modern psychology methods appeared. Freud’s works served as the base for the Sexual Revolution of the 20th century, although it was not Freud’s goal. Nowadays the medicinal part of psychoanalysis created by him and processed by other scientists takes notable place in treatment of human psychic dysfunctions, neuroses and other psychic disorders. His works changed the psychology of the 20th century, solved the fundamental issues of human mental life structure, gave interpretation of experiences, crises, reflected human’s illusory self and world perception.…
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