Memory is defined as the faculty by which sense impressions and information are retained in the mind and subsequently recalled. A person's capacity to remember and the total store of mentally retained impressions and knowledge also formulate memory. (Webster, 1992)
"We all possess inside our heads a system for declassifying, storing and retrieving information that exceeds the best computer capacity, flexibility, and speed. Yet the same system is so limited and unreliable that it cannot consistently remember a nine-digit phone number long enough to dial it" (Baddeley, 1993). The examination of human behavior reveals that current activities are inescapably linked by memories. General "competent" (1993) behavior requires that certain past events have effect on the influences in the present. For example, touching a hot stove would cause a burn and therefore memory would convey a message to not repeat again. All of this is effected by the development of short-term memory (STM) and long-term memory (LTM).
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