Fallacies are encountered frequently in every day arguments. "An argument is fallacious when it contains one or more logical fallacies. A logical fallacy - or fallacy, for short - is an argument that contains a mistake in reasoning" (Critical Thinking, 2000).
The following text will examine three logical fallacies: appeal to emotion, post hoc ergo propter hoc (PHEPH), and ad hominem. I will also discuss each fallacy's application to decision making and significance to critical thinking. …
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