By the constitution, the right to legislate has been granted to Saeima. Draft laws may be submitted to the Saeima by the President, the Cabinet or committees of the Saeima, by more than five MPs or by one-tenth of the electorate if provisions to do so, set in the constitution, are met. All laws are to be adopted by the Saeima and proclaimed by the President.
A court judgment within Latvia shall be carried out by district (city) courts, regional courts and the Supreme Court, but in the event of war or an exceptional situation - also by a Court-Martial. The judges shall be independent and bound only by law. The appointment of judges shall be confirmed by the Saeima and they may not be dismissed. The judges may be dismissed from their office against their will by the Saeima only in cases envisaged by the law on the basis of the decision of the Judicial Disciplinary Collegium Board or the court judgment in the criminal case. The retiring age limit for judges shall be fixed by law. The Constitutional Court shall function in Latvia which, within the jurisdiction set forth by law, shall review cases concerning the compliance of laws with the Constitution, as well as other cases placed under its jurisdiction by law.…
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