Genetically Modified Organisms
GMO stands for genetically modified organisms. These organism's, genetic material have been altered using techniques usually known as recombinant DNA technology. Recombinant DNA technology is the ability to combine DNA molecules from different sources. Therefore the genes of the organism is altered and modified. The idea of GMO was first created in 1973 by Stanley H. Cohen and Herbert Boyer. This idea was taken to another level by Rudolf Jaenisch in 1974; he successfully managed to insert leukemia genes into early mice embryos using a retrovirus vector.
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