French settlement - 1565.
Although Cartier explored the north coast of North America, France established its first official settlement much farther south, in Florida. There, French Huguenots started a few small colonies in 1565. The Spanish, who claimed the land and opposed the Huguenots for religious and political reasons, soon destroyed these settlements and drove out the French.
Religious wars in France delayed further French efforts to colonize North America. When the wars ended, the French established settlements in the north, where the explorations of Cartier and Samuel de Champlain had given France a claim…
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