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Examine the Controversy that Surrounds the Question of what Judges Are Doing when They are Deciding Cases
If we accept the hypothesis, that judges do indeed make law through their decisions, we need to look closely at the judges themselves to decide whether they are capable of performing that function. Judges are not, in this country, elected, as are the other law-makers (the legislators). If judges had no law-making role, then the uncertainty over judicial decision making would not arise; it would not matter whether the judiciary was representative of the society within which it operates, or whether it was capable of acting impartially. Lord Denning stated that: "Every judge on his appointment discards all politics and all prejudices. You need have no fear. The Judges of England have always in the past - and always will - be vigilant in guarding our freedoms. Someone must be trusted. Let it be the Judges." However, if judges were simply applying the law when making decisions, then it would not matter who was fulfilling that role, because, everybody would reach the same decision in every case, unless a judge happened to misapply the law, in which case another court could put him right. But judges reach very different decisions upon the same facts; there is no common agreement as to what the law is, and Hart argues that in many cases the judges are not only applying the existing law, but they are making new law. …
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