Comparison of the Three Major Sociological Theories
All three methodological approaches involve safeguards to regulate objectivity.
This is not the same as objectivism. Each has its own 'norms for proceeding with a
particular form of inquiry in a rational manner.' However, because of the orientation of
each theory, the end results will vary.
Based upon these difference, critical theory does not seem to be a theory that should be adopted by
sociologists. It belongs more in the realm of politics and legislation. Critical theory in that context could take
advantage of scientific inquiry by both positivistic and interpretive sociologists to make determinations about
social change. If indeed critical theorist are to be involved in sociological study, full disclosure of prejudices
and objectives would be needed for any inquiry to be beneficial and trustworthy.
Postpositivism remains the best approach for observing the exteriors of society.
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