The Challenger tragedy was as much a failure of decision-making as of technology. The determination to launch was made under so much emotional pressure that standard measures of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration were avoided, and the objections of specialists and engineers were either overruled or kept from main decision-makers. The pressures on NASA were forceful and diverse. They included the need to lock Congressional financial support through demonstrations of cost-effectiveness and efficiency, the forceful public interest in the heavily publicized "Teacher in Space" program, and the wish to demonstrate the potential of the NASA technology. All of these put a lot of pressure on NASA decision-makers who were stuck on a set of ideas and became largely defensive to obvious facts. NASA's rush to launch in the face of engineering objections is, in the view of some, typical of American corporate behavior.
On the day of the disaster, Brenda Clayton was sitting at home taking care of her young children. She can recall watching the shuttle explode over and over again in her head. Having young children, the first thing she thought of was the families of the astronauts. …
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