A Description of Contemporary Liberalism
Liberalism is the leading and background theory in contemporary political ideologies. As Bellamy states, twentieth-century liberalism has a broad area, from New Right conservatives to democratic socialists; it makes everyone seems a liberal. One of its major critics is communitarianism.
Communitarianism sees individuals as strongly linking in community, and their debates with liberalisms are basically founded in the contemporary liberal John Rawls's theory, and especially focus on his milestone book "A Theory of Justice". This book awakened a new look to political theory during 1970s and it continues. Most of liberalism's critics or defenders rely on Rawls's theories or related theories. In this article I prepare to introduce the both political philosophies and clarify some crucial debates from communitarianism to Rawls. Firstly, I like to make a brief introduction to contemporary liberalism, particularly on Rawls's theory of justice and his principle of justice. Secondly, I will illustrate communitarian's main ideas and their arguments with Rawls, which are the questions to Rawls's original position and individualism. Finally, I will give my opinions to the debates and defend Rawls by following Rawls's contexts.
- A Description of Contemporary Liberalism
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