Marx and Freud, comparing their views of human nature
In The Communist Manifesto, Karl Marx and Frederick Engels present their
view of human nature and the effect that the economic system and economic
factors have on it. Marx and Engels discuss human nature in the context of
the economic factors which they see as driving history. Freud, in
Civilization and Its Discontents, explores human nature through his
psychological view of the human mind.
Marx states that history '...is the history of class struggles' (9).
Marx views history as being determined by economics, which for him is the
source of class differences. History is described in T…
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