Liability of Carrier Under Hague-Visby Rules
Hague-Visby Rules is one of the most usable Rules in maritime business. A lot of shipping companies use them. They include a lot of provisions and rules about several situations and accidents what can occur. Hague-Visby rules is new name for the Hague rules as amended in 1968 at Visby (Sweden). Also called The Brussels Protocol of Amendments to The Hague rules, these rules (ratified by most nations except the US) increase a surface transport carrier’s liability limit and include containerized cargo under their provisions. A Hague-Visby rule is in the Shipping, Transport, and Travel subject. Hague-Visby rules appears in the definitions of the following documents: Hamburg rules, long form bill of lading (B/L), conditions of carriage, short form bill of lading (B/L) and Bill of lading (B/L)
In the first Article in definition “a” is explained what is carrier. There is said - the owner or the charterer who enters into a contract of carriage with a shipper. That means we know exactly what is carrier in the beginning of this rule. At this moment, when we know what is carrier, we can look and find out what is carriers responsibility and liability in this rules.