Factors that caused to appear Audio-lingual Method
American linguist Leonard Bloomfield;
The outbreak of WWII;
Psychologist B.F. Skinner and Behaviourist theory.
Principles of Behaviourism
language learning is habit-formation;
mistakes are bad and should be avoided, as they make bad habits;
the meanings of words can be learned only in a linguistic and cultural context;
languahe skills are learned better if they are presented orally first, than in written form.
Characteristic features of Audio-lingual Method
new material is presented in dialog form and through various drills;
there are little or no grammar explanations;
vocabulary is learned in context;
pronunciation and oral skills are highly important;
immediate error correction;
dependency on memorization, mimicry;
much use of tapes, language labs and visuals;
little or no mother tongue is permitted.
- Audio-Lingual Method
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