Why were Castles built in Europe?
Norman castles were built from the 11th to 13th centuries. Castles were brought to Britain by William the Conqueror, when he invaded England from his homeland in France. Known as the Duke of Normandy, William invaded England in 1066 and, due to his victory in the Battle of Hastings, William was crowned the King of England, and became King William I. One of the most powerful ways for William to take control of his new kingdom, which included England, Scotland and Wales, was to have castles built throughout the land.
At first, he ordered the construction of very simple castles, called motte…
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