Postpartum Depression and Child Development
Though most of the findings contained in the article were pretty heavy worded I believe a more appropriate translation and understanding is as follows. In the sample of the 70 couples and their children it was found that after 1 month of the baby being born it was the father's depressive symptoms, (independent variable), that influenced the child's internalizing and externalizing problems, (dependant variable), until the ages of 2-3. Mother's depression on the other hand was found to have no effect on the children's internalizing or externalizing problems up to the ages of 2-3. However after the ages of 2-3 it was found that mother's depressive symptoms, (independent variable), were responsible for all paternal and maternal postpartum depressive symptoms, (dependant variable), (see pages 572-575 of included article for more information). In addition it was also found that both mother's and father's depression contributed to other internalizing problems. Lastly no evidence was found for the protective effects of marital satisfaction, social support, or for low levels of depressive symptoms in either spouse.
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