In 1983, Howard Gardner introduced his Theory of Multiple Intelligence in his book "Frames of Mind." Through his work as a professor and a psychologist, Gardner suggested that intelligence was not a single attribute that could be measured and given a number. In his book he pointed out that IQ tests measure verbal, logical-mathematical, and some special intelligence. But Gardner believed that there were many other kinds of intelligences that are also important factors in human capability.
In his book" Frames of Mind", Gardner states that culture plays a role in intelligence, as well as biological makeup. A person is born with a certain potential which guides development down a certain path. Neither of these, biological makeup or culture, can develop intelligence without the other.
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