How Far Did Mussolini Shape Italian Society?
Perhaps the vividly expressed change was that in the political regime. The left and right extremes pressing upon the liberals were merged into a mixture of both: fascism. In itself, fascism was a highly violent ideology in Italy that intimidated its opponents, yet ironically compromised with some, like the church, as a means of control. It is often described as a totalitarian regime for the society was shaped purely by the unchallenged Fascist leader Mussolini. Italians had to conform to Fascist expectations (this was enforced by the secret police and the militia), Public employees had to swear an oath of loyalty to the regime, and Youth movements had considerable influence. More so, the motif of Mussolini's Cult of personality can again be brought up when analyzing how the new politics shaped society. Consequently, the regime brought with itself certain prejudices against several parts of society like the Jews: in 1938 racial laws were enacted (mainly directed against the Jews). The political regime therefore again shaped society purely in accordance to mussolinies propaganda, and was hence highly corrupt. The reality of the Corporate State was that Fascists sided with employers and this system did little to represent the interests of the workers. …
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