Bulimia, meaning ox-like hunger, was first mentioned in the literature in the 18th century. However, it was not recognized as an illness by the American Psychiatric Association until 1979 and was not officially named Bulimia Nervosa until 1987 by G. Russell in England. Individuals with Bulimia Nervosa are similar to those with Anorexia Nervosa in that they are preoccupied with their shape and weight.
In contrast to anorectics, bulimics binge eat and then use inappropriate methods, such as self-induced vomiting, abusing laxatives, abusing diuretics, or misusing enemas, to prevent weight gain. The diagnosis of bulimia nervosa is only made if the bulimic behaviors do not occur during an episode of Anorexia Nervosa.
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